Some jobs, for Hybrid Runbook Worker Agents, stuck in queued status. Some will start, after restart of the "Microsoft Monitoring Agent" server. Sometimes they will start, after restarting the Hybrid Runbook Worker Service. But still, som jobs are stuck for over 24hrs Very unstable and almost unusable. A severity B with 4 hrs response time. Until now, I just received a comfirmation mail, that cannot be answered. Find and count them with powershell. Normally I should be able to stop a suspended job, but: "The requested update for the Job is not allowed.
This output can be an error message to the user or a complex object intended to be used with another runbook. Windows PowerShell provides multiple streams to send output from a script or workflow.
Azure Automation works with each of these streams differently. You should follow best practices for using the streams when you're creating a runbook. The following table briefly describes each stream with its behavior in the Azure portal for published runbooks and during testing of a runbook.
The Output stream is the main stream used for communication between runbooks. The other streams are classified as message streams, intended to communicate information to the user.
This article has been updated to use the new Azure PowerShell Az module. You can still use the AzureRM module, which will continue to receive bug fixes until at least December For your Automation account, you can update your modules to the latest version using How to update Azure PowerShell modules in Azure Automation. The Output stream is used for the output of objects created by a script or workflow when it runs correctly. Azure Automation primarily uses this stream for objects to be consumed by parent runbooks that call the current runbook.
When a parent calls a runbook inlinethe child returns data from the Output stream to the parent. Your runbook uses the Output stream to communicate general information to the client only if it is never called by another runbook. As a best practice, however, you runbooks should typically use the Verbose stream to communicate general information to the user.
Have your runbook write data to the Output stream using Write-Output. Alternatively, you can put the object on its own line in the script. When a runbook function writes to the Output stream, the output is passed back to the runbook.
If the runbook assigns that output to a variable, the output is not written to the output stream. Writing to any other streams from within the function writes to the corresponding stream for the runbook. Consider the following sample PowerShell Workflow runbook. Once you've published the runbook and before you start it, you must also turn on verbose logging in the runbook settings to get the Verbose stream output.
A workflow specifies the data type of its output using the OutputType attribute.
SMA Runbooks Stuck in a Queued Status
This attribute has no effect during runtime, but it provides you an indication at design time of the expected output of the runbook. As the tool set for runbooks continues to evolve, the importance of declaring output data types at design time increases. Therefore it's a best practice to include this declaration in any runbooks that you create.
I am very new to Azure Automation Runbooks but I have been authoring a powershell script that performs a backup of a SQL Azure database into a bacpac file to a blob storage container which then get's uploaded to Google Drive for an 'offsite' backup. I have implemented this functionality as 1 month ago Microsoft kindly terminated my Azure Subscription accidentally and I could not access my database backups as they were part of the account.
Having written the script, I successfully used the test feature which performed the task admirably. Subsequently I configured a daily schedule that would perform the backup on a nightly basis. What I found the next morning is that the backup aspect worked successfully and the file was indeed posted to Google Drive, but there were three copies of it. The Azure Portal marks the job as 'suspended' and I'm told that the job failed and was retried 3 times.
I've read into the Invoke-WebRequest and have suspicions that it is timing out, even though the documentation indicates that the default behavior is to not time out. Other suggests are to use 'inline' scripting but I thought this only applied to workflow runbooks, rather than my specific script runbook.
But I am not notified of an error. The log shows that the runbook writes the verbose line 'Uploading database to google drive. The timeoutsec was introduced as a trial to see if I could override the timeout feature although I'm guessing this is the problem. The log does not show the subsequent verbose message 'uploaded database to google drive' so clearly the WebRequest is failing for some reason. As further information I'm forced to read the blob content of the database into a local temp file which I then have to read into memory in order to post to Google as a multi-part message.
The database is 16Mbytes in size at the moment.
Runbook output and messages in Azure Automation
This could be the problem as I'm told that runbooks are quite stringent with memory allocation. I would really appreciate some advice on what to do here and as a bonus how to prevent the re-try also as I can see how to configure that in the powershell runbook's either.
Learn more. Why does my Azure Powershell runbook get suspended when executed as a schedule and how do I prevent retry? Ask Question. Asked 2 years, 2 months ago. Active 2 years, 2 months ago. Viewed times. The command that I believe fails is: Write-Verbose "Uploading database to google drive using a timeout of seconds Write-Verbose "Creating temporary file for blob content The Senator The Senator 4, 2 2 gold badges 26 26 silver badges 41 41 bronze badges.
Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I'm trying to convert an Azure PowerShell script to an Azure Automation Runbook, but I've run into an issue when using the "start-job" command. After the inline scripts are called, the jobs fail shortly after starting.
It seems to me that the parameters are not passing through properly. In addition, starting other jobs within the Azure Automation sandbox is not supported.
It looks like you are trying to run two tasks in parallel and then do something only after both complete. Learn more. Asked 5 years, 5 months ago. Active 5 years, 5 months ago. Viewed 2k times. Is there something I'm missing to properly pass parameters within Azure Automation? Michael Lapidakis Michael Lapidakis 9 9 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. Joe Joe 2, 1 1 gold badge 10 10 silver badges 12 12 bronze badges.
The first option looks like I won't have the ability to pass the values as attributes when the script is called, so I'm not sure that will work. I may try calling three separate inline scripts though and putting the "wait" command at the end. I tried the second option, as that is exactly what I'm looking for, but Azure Automation bombs out, saying "parallel" is an "Unexpected keyword".
Runbook execution in Azure Automation
I'm not sure what you mean by pass as attributes -- do you mean parameters? Also I just tested parallel in Azure Automation and it works. Are you sure you're not trying to call parallel within an InlineScript? Micky Balladelli Micky Balladelli 8, 2 2 gold badges 23 23 silver badges 25 25 bronze badges. Unfortunately, this didn't work. The argument was never passed. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password.
The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I would like to have a runbook run on a schedule but exit if the last job hasn't finished running i. I presume all the preamble to get the subscription etc is required.
Let me elaborate on that, I think in march Microsoft removed Azure Automation from the OLD azure model and now it is present only in the new one. Learn more. Get job status in Azure Runbook Ask Question. Asked 3 years, 5 months ago. Active 3 years, 5 months ago. Viewed 1k times. Assure that this asset exists in the Automation account. Active Oldest Votes. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name.
Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog.Blog IT Pro. Introduction As a savvy customer who automates the management and maintenance of your Microsoft Azure environment, you are of course getting very familiar with the new Automation service of Azure. The Azure Automation service enables you to automate the time consuming, manual, repetitive, and complex tasks of keeping your cloud services up and running, and to integrate with other systems in order to save you time, money, and reduce errors.
Azure Automation provides you with a complete solution for creating and managing the runbooks PowerShell Workflows that power your cloud orchestration. Simply put, you will want to know how all of your automation is doing at all times.
And if some unexpected issue arises you will want to be able to quickly troubleshoot and debug the issue and get your automation back online. Azure Automation helps you out here. Automation provides features for both monitoring the state of your runbooks and for troubleshooting your runbook jobs.
Automation Dashboard When you first open the Azure Portal, navigate to the Automation service, and select an Automation Account, you will be presented with the all-up Automation Dashboard.
In this dashboard, there are four key sections that inform you about the system: At the top of the dashboard is a chart that shows you the status of each runbook job during the time period you choose from the last hour up to the last 30 days.
In this chart you can quickly see how many jobs are running right now, how many have completed, and most importantly you can see any jobs that require your attention — those that are suspended or failed.
At the top of the chart is a row of icons that represent each possible job state. You can click on these icons to toggle on and off particular status lines and thereby allow you to focus on job states of particular interest. Just below the chart is the usage overview. This section identifies your current usage against your quotas, for job execution time, number of runbooks, and module size. Below the usage section is the jobs table.
This table contains an entry for each job that was started in the last 30 days, and shows the name of the runbook workflowthe time the job was last updated, and the current status of the job. Thus, if there are any recent runbook jobs that require your attention, you can use this table to quickly identify the exact jobs and then drill in to troubleshoot. Just to the right of the usage overview and jobs table is the quick glance section.
This section contains useful static information about your Automation Account, such as the number of runbooks, modules, and assets. It also indicates how many runbooks are currently in an authoring state. Because Automation jobs are expected to run to completion unless the runbook author intended it to suspendthis is a problem, and you will want to troubleshoot the issue.
Runbook Dashboard The Runbook Dashboard looks very similar to the Automation Dashboardwith a chart, a jobs table, and a quick glance section.
Azure Automation: Monitoring and Troubleshooting Your Runbook Jobs
However, the information in the runbook dashboard is scoped entirely to a single runbook. In the quick glance section, you can see when this runbook was last published and who published it, as well as other information like how much job execution time this runbook has taken this month. You can also see its authoring status — is it currently being edited or is it done and published.It has been a long journey and my article view count has reached the milestone of one million. Thanks to the entire C Corner Team and the readers for the continued support.
Azure Automation enables users to automate tasks that are manual and repetitive in nature by using Runbooks. Runbooks are nothing but a set of tasks that perform some automated implementation in Azure Automation. We can code and implement the logic that we want to automate using PowerShell. You can see how to create runbooks and the practical scenarios from here. We can use the webhook from a variety of external services like GitHub, Visual Studio Team Services, and custom applications from which we can start Azure runbooks that helps us run some predefined logic.
An overall webhook flow is shown in the below image. In this article we will see how to invoke the azure runbook using webhooks from various client applications. Image Source : docs. Now we need a method to invoke the runbook remotely from our client application. We will be using Webhook for this purpose. We can create a webhook from the Runbook page of the Azure Automation Account. Thus we can say that the webhook is hooked to a runbook upon its creation.
This will open up the page where we have to specify the below parameters that will be used to create the webhook:. Note We should note down the URL securely as it serves the purpose of a password. Moreover, we can see this URL only during the webhook creation time.
Click on OK to save the webhook parameters. The Webhook URL. Click on Create to provision the runbook webhook. Going to the runbook page, we can see that the webhook has been created. We can invoke the URL from a variety of client applications. We will see few examples in this section. Ensure that we are using PowerShell 3. The email screenshot is shown below.Create an Azure Runbook
Similarly we can invoke the runbook from a Windows Application using C Code. The url used will be the webhook URL we received when we created it. The code block to issue an http request to invoke the web request is shown below. Upon running the code we have received the data returned from the POST Success method which shows the Job ID as well as the run time of the application.
Heading over to the Azure portal, we can see that the runbook has been triggered at the same time, as shown in the application message box. Now let's go ahead and see the Job that is responsible for running the runbook.
We can see the Job section by selecting the runbook as shown below. Click on Jobs to see the list of completed and running jobs. As we can see the first job that is shown in the list has the same ID as shown in the Client Application message box. The runbook has retrieved the results from the REST endpoint and has sent a mail to the specified user along with the data as shown below. We can also invoke the runbook by issuing a POST http request from the client side code using Jquery.
We have used JSFiddle to test it out. We can modify the code in the runbook to implement any other requirement logic. Thus, we saw how to automate business processes by creating an Azure Runbook and invoking the runbook using Webhooks from client applications.